The so-called classicism in art mainly refers to the high recognition of the culture of the classical era including Greece and ancient Rome, which was popular in European countries from the 17th to the 19th centuries, taking the taste of the classical era as the standard, and A cultural trend and artistic tendency trying to imitate its style. Classicism formed and flourished in France, and then expanded to other European countries. In the art of painting, Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665) was the founder of 17th-century French classicism. His paintings are meticulous and strive to Strict sketches and perfect composition, the figures are solemn and elegant, full of sculptural feeling; the work is serious and philosophical, with stable and quiet and lofty artistic features. His paintings have deep affection and can be seen by the artist’s calmness. Thinking.
Jacques Louis David, ‘Coronation of Napoleon I’
By the 18th century, the French painting scene at this time was neither a reproduction of ancient Greek and Roman fine arts, nor a reproduction of French classicism in the 17th century. It was a trend in the art that adapted to the situation of the bourgeois revolution and needed to borrow from the past. Classicist painters during this period mainly included the classicism that advocated the spirit of revolution and struggle represented by Jacques Louis David (1748-1825), and Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1780- 1867) Represented by the pursuit of perfect form and exemplary classical academy, they were later divided into neoclassical schools.
Neoclassicism, as an independent genre name, first appeared in the European architectural decoration design field in the mid-eighteenth century. Innovative designers began to improve and simplify traditional works, using many new materials and techniques, but retaining them. It shows the elegant and noble temperament of classical works. Among the world’s forests of watches, there is no better synonym for neoclassicism than Breguet, which is inseparable from the founder of Breguet, Abraham-Louis Breguet. relationship.
Mr. Abraham-Louis Breguet was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. He has shown his extraordinary talent for complex machinery since he was a child. At the age of 15, he studied clock manufacturing in Versailles and has since France has spent most of its watchmaking career. In 1775, Mr. Breguet founded Quaide Phorloge (the predecessor of Breguet) in Paris. It was at the prosperous period of French neoclassicalism, which also caused his creative talents to be influenced by both the Swiss watch culture and French neoclassical culture. . This 7027 watch not only retains the 18th century Breguet pocket watch’s traditional structure and processing techniques such as gold, sandblasting, etc., the bold design of the barrel and drive train is placed directly from the front of the dial. The upholding classical beauty becomes a visually intuitive experience, which is a perfect reflection of Breguet’s return to the original and the future-oriented neoclassical spirit.
Exquisite and elegant machine-engraved flowers have always been one of Breguet’s iconic crafts. People are unsure about the origin of the machine-engraved flower carving technology. What is certain is that it is widely used in Breguet models, and it is also the inspiration of the Paris studs used in this watch’s hour dial. It should be derived from the European medieval classic architectural decoration art ‘Paris studs.’ ‘Pattern’, it has appeared on many elegant ancient buildings in Paris. The ‘diamond tips’ are arranged in a matrix, and the charm of the pyramid lattice is used to the fullest, the three-dimensional sense is strong, and the light and shadow effect is better.
For those who have not studied in depth, the original design of Breguet’s machine-engraved flowers is mainly due to aesthetic considerations. However, Mr. Bao Di has been tirelessly pursuing the practicality of each timepiece part from beginning to end. Therefore, the use of machine-engraved flowers is not merely for aesthetic considerations. Mr. Bao Di applied a variety of different machine-engraved flowers to the dial. It was delineated and highlighted by carving different patterns on each dial’s different functional areas, making a variety of relatively independent complex functions and time. The display is clear at a glance.
In addition, more importantly, under the light and shadow refracted by the fine machine engraved flowers, the pointer becomes more and more legible, which significantly improves the ‘readability’ of the timepiece and facilitates reading time. This broke the situation of the large and beautiful baroque hands that were very ‘eye-catching and easy to read in any background’ at that time, and opened the way for the development of small and elegant hands. The watch used by this watch is also a classic of Breguet The ‘openwork eccentric moon-shaped hands’ is also developed on this basis. This elegant and exquisite hand is even included in the terminology of watchmaking under the name of ‘breguet hands’.
In addition to the classic Breguet design elements such as machine-engraved flowers, eccentric moon-shaped Breguet hands, coin shells, and welded straight lugs, the most revolutionary design of this watch is the bridge, hair, usually hidden under the splint. The barrel, transmission gear, escapement and other movement parts are directly displayed on the dial, so that the mystery of precision machinery operation is presented in front of you without reservation. At 4 o’clock, the balance wheel uses the vitality rhythm under the support of a symmetrical bridge. From 6 to 9 o’clock, the mysterious transmission system rotates slowly and regularly, vividly outlines the charm of time, and depicts the passage of time. Mystery.
At 11 o’clock, a slender and elegant hand is used to display the power reserve. Through the sapphire crystal on the bottom of the table, we can find another power reserve display with a completely different shape at the corresponding position on the bottom of the table. This interesting design It can make the models with many precision movements on the front of the dial, while the contents of the bottom of the watch will not become too monotonous. In the central part of the front of the dial, we can almost glimpse the whole picture of the barrel. This barrel gives this watch a power reserve of 50 hours.
In addition to meticulous watchmaking craftsmanship, Mr. Baodi has profoundly influenced the watch industry with his vigorous invention. At 3 o’clock on the dial of this watch, a seemingly inconspicuous device is an invention of Mr. Breguet-the ‘pare-chute’ suspension, which was invented by Master Breguet in 1790 The device protects the balance from impact. It is the earliest timepiece shock absorber and the ancestor of many shock absorbers today.
The sandblasting of the bridge and the bottom plate of this watch is also an expression of the brand’s respect for history. Most of the masterpieces of Breguet’s works are made of sandblasting. The low-key and pure performance of the sand blasting process not only has a natural texture, but also perfectly realizes the purpose of Mr. Bao Di’s practical functions of anti-oxidation and anti-corrosion, which exactly coincides with Mr. Bao Di’s dislike of artificial decoration. Although nearly 200 years after the death of Mr. Baodi, as the views and ideas of watchmakers have continuously evolved, the sandblasting process used by Mr. Baodi has gradually been replaced by various retouches for aesthetic purposes, but at present Breguet’s timepieces still retain this classical craftsmanship (but replace the method that used to rely on mercury evaporation in the past with a new sandblasting process).
In addition to the sandblasting process, every detail of the entire watch is infiltrated with Breguet’s watchmaking spirit. Among them, the spring box cover and gear are polished with snail spiral pattern, showing the texture of several small swirls from the center to the radial section; the steel arm, lever and other parts are brushed with rotating wheels Polishing and polishing makes the surface of the parts more polished.
Of course, in addition to the obvious surface treatment, chamfering that is not easy to find is also a demanding performance of top brands on their own processes. Chamfer grinding refers to carefully grinding and polishing the edges of the movement overtime or other parts to remove the marks and burrs caused by machine processing on the parts. This process may sound simple, but in fact it is the finest and most demanding grinding process of the opponent’s process. Only a few brands insist on the perfect grinding of the chamfers of each movement component. The purpose of this process is not only to improve the performance and aesthetics of the movement. If these parts are not subjected to fine grinding, it will often be the place where corrosion is most likely to occur.
Summary: In addition, it is worth mentioning that the 507DR manual winding mechanical movement on this watch was developed and completely independently designed and produced by the Breguet watchmaking factory for four years. Perhaps there are many watch friends who are new to the watch, who believe that the mechanical movement with automatic winding is better than the mechanical movement with manual winding, but this is not always the case. In my opinion, a manual-winding mechanical movement can better show the delicate finish of the entire movement. At the same time, for an advanced mechanical watch, the pleasant experience of manual winding is irreplaceable. Once the habit of winding on time is established, it will make people feel as if they are caring for their pets on their wrists, instead of just facing a cold machine. Imagine that one day, when your child finally starts a family, you will pass the watch you have carefully cared for for many years to him, and in the future, he will wind and maintain it for you on a regular basis. What kind of inheritance will it be!